Retirement at 64, hardships, retirement at 1200 euros … What did each side think about Borne reforms
In a full-fledged mobilization against pension reform, BFMTV.com details the key points of the reform and the position of each political force. Republicans support it while lefts and RNs are strongly against it.
Delivered by Elisabeth Borne on Jan. 10, the pension reform was unanimously opposed to it on the union front and in most political parties. While certain points of the project were widely rejected, others garnered Republican support.
• Legal extension of retirement age
If the reforms are adopted, the legal retirement age will increase to 64 years, compared to the current 62 years. This will be gradually increased from September 1, 2023, at the rate of 3 months per year of birth. Thus it will be set at 63 years and 3 months at the end of the five year term, to reach the target of 64 years by 2030.
Regarding career length, people who start working between the ages of 14 and 16 will be able to retire at the age of 58, and at the age of 60 for those who start their career at the age of 16.
This lowering of the legal age of departure hit him unanimously, except in LR where the party is divided. It is also the measure France rejects the most according to our Elabe poll for BFMTV published last Thursday: 67% of respondents dislike it.
• Accelerated increase in the number of annuities
To benefit from full retirement, you must work 43 years from 2027, not 2035 as stipulated in the Touraine reform. “We are not going to contribute more than 43 years, but we will reach this target much sooner,” Elisabeth Borne said during a reform presentation.
However, it would be possible to benefit from full retirement from the age of 67, without even paying all the required quarters – as is already the case today.
Here too, the left was unanimously opposed to this change.
• Minimum pension of 1200 euros
The executive announced a revaluation of the small pension to 85% of the net minimum wage for full-time career retirees, or around 1,200 euros gross per month. After social security contributions are deducted, the increase will be “an average of 100 euros per month”.
Matignon also indicated that he had “decided to integrate” the current “reassessment of retired pensioners for everyone who has a full career at Smic level”.
The move, more consensual, won more approval from the opposition. It is also, with the evolution of the difficulty criteria, the measure most recognized by France, according to our Elabe poll for BFMTV published last Thursday: 88% of those surveyed supported it.
• Elimination of “most” special diets.
“Most existing special diets” will be closed. This measure will only apply to new employees, who will be affiliated with a general pension scheme.
This includes employees of RATP, branches of the gas industry, notary clerks, staff of the Banque de France, and members of the Economic, Social and Environmental Council. On the other hand, the autonomous regime involving lawyers, the seafarers’ regime, the Paris Opera and the Comédie-Française will not be affected.
If the measure is approved by LR and RN it will generate more protests on the left.
• Change difficulty criteria
Departure at the age of 62 at full fare will always be possible for persons who are disabled, incapacitated or incapacitated. Other professional categories such as the TNI and civil servants in active categories such as police or firefighters will also continue to leave early.
But since 2017, Emmanuel Macron has removed several criteria from the account of the difficulties that made it possible to retire two years earlier, such as carrying heavy loads, painful postures and mechanical vibrations such as with a drill.
This criterion does not return. Instead, the government wants to create a “professional wear prevention fund endowed with one billion euros”, Elisabeth Borne announced.
While most parties request that these criteria be developed, they often do not conform to the methods currently proposed by the executive.